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Polymeric Materials for Solar Thermal Applications

Köhl, Michael / Meir, Michaela Georgine / Papillon, Philippe / Wallner, Gernot M. / Saile, Sandrin (eds.)

Polymeric Materials for Solar Thermal Applications

October 2012
  • XXIV, 394 pages
  • 316 figures
  • 38 tables
  • Hardcover
  • English
ISBN: 978-3-527-33246-5
available, free shipping

Prices incl. VAT

Table of contents

PART I

PRINCIPLES

Introduction

Solar Irradiance in Technical Applications

Quantifying Useful Solar Irradiation

Solar Thermal Applications

Calculating the Solar Contribution

Conclusions

SOLAR THERMAL MARKET

Introduction

Collector Types

Regional Markets

Market Trends

THERMAL SOLAR ENERGY FOR POLYMER EXPERTS

Solar Thermal Systems and Technical Requirements

Overview of Solar Thermal Applications

Solar Thermal Collectors

Small to Medium Size Storages

Sources of Further Information

CONVENTIONAL COLLECTORS, HEAT STORES, AND COATINGS

Collectors

Material Properties of Insulations

Heat Store

Other Components

Analysis of Typical Combisystems

Definition of Polymeric Based Solar Thermal Systems

Life Cycle Assessment Based on Cumulated Energy Demand, Energy Payback Time, and Overall Energy Savings

Cumulated Energy Demand, Energy Payback Time, and Overall Energy Savings for Conventional and Polymeric Based Domestic Hot Water Systems

THERMAL LOADS ON SOLAR COLLECTORS AND OPTIONS FOR THEIR REDUCTION

Introduction

Results of Monitoring Temperature Loads

Measures for Reduction of the Temperature Loads

STANDARDS, PERFORMANCE TESTS OF SOLAR THERMAL SYSTEMS

Introduction

Collectors

Solar Thermal Systems

Conclusion

PART II

PLASTICS MARKET

POLYMERIC MATERIALS

Introduction

Material Structure and Morphology of Polymers

Inner Mobility and Thermal Transitions of Polymers

Polymer Additives and Compounds

PROCESSING

Structural Polymeric Materials

Paint Coatings for Polymeric Solar Absorbers and Their Applications

POLYMER DURABILITY FOR SOLAR THERMAL APPLICATIONS

Introduction

Polymeric Glazing

Polymeric Absorbers and Heat Exchangers

Conclusion

PLASTICS PROPERTIES AND MATERIAL SELECTION

Introduction

How to Select the Right Material

Material Databases

Selection Criteria

Real Life Example: Standard Collector in Plastic (1:1 Substitution)

Summary

Part III

STATE OF THE ART: POLYMERIC MATERIALS IN SOLAR THERMAL APPLICATIONS

Solar Collectors

Small to Mid-Sized Polymeric Heat Stores

Polymeric Liners for Seasonal Thermal Energy Stores

STRUCTURAL POLYMERIC MATERIALS - AGING BEHAVIOR OF SOLAR ABSORBER MATERIALS

THERMOTROPIC LAYERS FOR OVERHEATING PROTECTION OF ALL-POLYMERIC FLAT PLATE SOLAR COLLECTORS

APPLICATION OF POSS COMPOUNDS FOR MODIFICATION OF THE WETTING PROPERTIES OF TISS PAINT COATINGS

CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF COLLECTORS

Introduction

Calculation of Collector Efficiency

Flow Optimization

Optimization of the Fluid Dynamics in Polymeric Collectors

Collector Mechanics

Conclusion

COLLECTORS AND HEAT STORES

Introduction

Solar Absorber Made of High-Performance Plastics

Flate Plate Collector with Overheating Protection

Flat Plate Collectors with a Thermotropic Layer

Solar Storage Tank with Polymeric Sealing Technology with Storage Volumes from 2 to 100 m3

DURABILITY TESTS OF POLYMERIC COMPONENTS

Introduction

Twenty Years Outdoor Weathering of Polymeric Materials for use as Collector Glazing

Accelerated Lifetime Testing of a Polymeric Absorber Coating

Evaluation of Temperature Resistance of a Polymer Absorber in a Solar Collector

Determination of Water Vapor Transport through Polymeric Materials at Raised Temperatures

ARCHITECTURALLY APPEALING SOLAR THERMAL SYSTEMS - A MARKETING TOOL IN ORDER TO ATTRACT NEW CUSTOMERS AND MARKET SEGMENTS

Introduction

Architectural Integration as a Marketing Tool

Web Database

Examples

OBSTACLES FOR THE APPLICATION OF CURRENT STANDARDS

Introduction

Internal Absorber Pressure Test

High-Temperature Resistance and Exposure Tests

Mechanical Load Test

Impact Resistance Test

Discontinuous Efficiency Curves

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